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June Highlights: New Research and Findings Added to OGRX

June 14, 2018 by Andrew Young

The Open Governance Research Exchange (OGRX) strives to identify and curate the most useful and important research on innovations in governance. Through the research efforts of OGRX’s editorial board and partners, and, especially, submissions from OGRX users, the platform is constantly growing and evolving, with new publications added each week.

In recent months, OGRX surpassed 1000 curated publications on new ways to solve societal challenges. Today, we are pleased to share another update on recent additions to the platform, with compelling findings generated by researchers studying diverse types of challenges and approaches for addressing them. In this update, we share recent highlights from Open Knowledge International, Science, and the International Journal of Communication, among others, focused on:

  • Open Data – including questions of impact in the Global South, measurement approaches, and open data’s use in game development.
  • Citizen Engagement and Crowdsourcing – including application in digital labor unions, information provision as a tool for engagement, and a conversation-based digital cafe.
  • Artificial Intelligence – including pieces on AI’s privacy implications, questions of freedom of expression, and the future of work.

Open Data

Gabriella A. B. Barros, Michael Cerny Green, Antonios Liapis, Julian Togelius “Who Killed Albert Einstein? From Open Data to Murder Mystery Games”

  • From the abstract: “This paper presents a framework for generating adventure games from open data. Focusing on the murder mystery type of adventure games, the generator is able to transform open data from Wikipedia articles, OpenStreetMap and images from Wikimedia Commons into WikiMysteries.”

David Serwadda, Paul Ndebele, M. Kate Grabowski, Francis Bajunirwe, Rhoda K. Wanyenze “Open data sharing and the Global South–Who benefits?”

  • From the abstract: “This paper explores opportunities to improve community engagement, raise awareness, and build capacity, all toward improving research and data sharing involving researchers in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs).”

Ana Brandusescu, Danny Lämmerhirt, et al. “Open Data Charter Measurement Guide”

  • From the abstract: The Measurement Guide helps governments, civil society, and researchers to understand how to assess open data activities based on the Open Data Charter (the ‘Charter’) principles – with a focus on commitments that can be measured, commitments that cannot be measured, and existing gaps (e.g. commitments that have not been measured).”

Artificial Intelligence

The Norwegian Data Protection Authority. “Artificial Intelligence and Privacy”

  • From the abstract: This report provides takes “a closer look at four relevant AI challenges associated with the data protection principles embodied in the GDPR, which are fairness and discrimination, purpose limitation, data minimisation, transparency and the right to information.”

Malcolm Frank, Paul Roehrig, Ben Pring. “What To Do When Machines Do Everything: How to Get Ahead in a World of AI, Algorithms, Bots, and Big Data”

  • From the abstract: “What To Do When Machines Do Everything is a guidebook to succeeding in the next generation of the digital economy. When systems running on Artificial Intelligence can drive our cars, diagnose medical patients, and manage our finances more effectively than humans it raises profound questions on the future of work and how companies compete.”

Privacy International and Article 19. “Privacy and Freedom of Expression In the Age of Artificial Intelligence”

  • From the abstract: “Two of the main objectives of this paper are to examine key ways in which AI impacts the right to freedom of expression and the right to privacy and outline key challenges and to provide suggestions for rights-based solutions in AI advocacy activities.”

Citizen Engagement and Crowdsourcing

Payal Arora, Linnea Holter Thompson. “Crowdsourcing as a Platform for Digital Labor Unions”

  • From the abstract: “This article examines how crowdsourcing platforms are used for both gathering and sharing information to foster accountability, by assessing how these tools enable dialogue between brands and factory workers, making workers part of the greater conversation.”

Emiliano Huet-Vaughn, Nicholas Muller, Yen-Chia Hsu. “Livestreaming Pollution: A New Form of Public Disclosure and a Catalyst for Citizen Engagement?”

  • From the abstract: “The report examines whether the disclosure of emission data affects the frequency of citizen phone calls to the local air quality regulator.”

Amol Dumrewal, Anwesh Basu, Austin Shubham Atreja, Prateeti Mohapatra, Pooja Aggarwal, Gargi B. Dasgupta. “Citicafe: conversation-based intelligent platform for citizen engagement”

  • From the abstract: “The researchers create a conversation-based platform, CitiCafe, to facilitate citizen engagement. It stores and process citizen complaints in a city.”

Referenced Readings

Who Killed Albert Einstein? From Open Data to Murder Mystery Games

Gabriella A. B. Barros Michael Cerny Green Antonios Liapis Julian Togelius

Category Open Data
Methodology User Studies
Objective Outside Innovation

Open data sharing and the Global South--Who benefits?

David Serwadda Paul Ndebele M. Kate Grabowski Francis Bajunirwe Rhoda K. Wanyenze

Category Open Data

Open Data Charter Measurement Guide

Ana Brandusescu Danny Lämmerhirt et al.

Category Open Data
Methodology Conceptual Framework

Artificial Intelligence and Privacy

The Norwegian Data Protection Authority

Methodology Conceptual Framework
Objective Privacy

What To Do When Machines Do Everything: How to Get Ahead in a World of AI, Algorithms, Bots, and Big Data

Malcolm Frank Paul Roehrig Ben Pring

Methodology Conceptual Framework
Type Book

Privacy and Freedom of Expression In the Age of Artificial Intelligence

Methodology Conceptual Framework
Objective Legitimacy Privacy

Crowdsourcing as a Platform for Digital Labor Unions

Payal Arora Linnea Holter Thompson

Livestreaming Pollution: A New Form of Public Disclosure and a Catalyst for Citizen Engagement?

Emiliano Huet-Vaughn Nicholas Muller Yen-Chia Hsu

Methodology Case Studies

Citicafe: conversation-based intelligent platform for citizen engagement

Amol Dumrewal Anwesh Basu Austin Shubham Atreja Prateeti Mohapatra Pooja Aggarwal Gargi B. Dasgupta

Methodology Case Studies
Objective Participation